The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for one's teeth. These structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, loss of bone support that holds the tooth in the jaw, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With the proper care, however, it may be possible to return them to a healthy and maintained state. This is where appropriate gum treatments, such as nonsurgical deep scale and root planing, that go beyond a traditional cleaning come in. If you're having a problem, come in and see us so we can take care of it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through varies types of surgery such as LANAP laser, traditional flap or extraction. This is why it is important to get it treated at the first sign of a problem.